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In the UK, Hawfinches are now mostly restricted to England, and have declined in many areas. Parts of western England near the Welsh Borders, the Home Counties and the south-east from Hampshire to Kent remain the most likely places to find them. Hawfinches may perch high in trees, but also feed on the ground. You can often find them in deciduous mature woodland with large trees, they prefer Cherry, Beech and Hornbeam. The Hawfinch builds its nest in a bush or tree, laying 2-7 eggs. The diet consists of mainly seeds and fruit kernels, especially cherries, which it cracks with its powerful bill, but also caterpillars and grubs in early summer, turning to Raspberries, Rose Hips and other fruit in late summer.
This is the largest Finch we have in the UK, usually16 to18cm in length and is similar in appearance to the Chaffinch which has a smaller head and two wing bars. They do not form large flocks outside the breeding season, and are usually seen as a pair or small group. They are difficult to see, as they are shy and very well hidden in the undergrowth, if you approach with great care, you may see them feeding, but the least movement will disturb them, and off they go.
You can see Hawfinches all year round; usually more easily seen outside the breeding season when trees are leafless and they feed more regularly on the ground.

Quick Facts

Number of broods

First clutches laid
Late May

Age at First Breeding
1 year

Typical Lifespan
3 years

Maximum Recorded Age
6 years, 9 months

12-13 days

11-13 days

Clutch Size
4-5 eggs

Egg Weight
3.9 g

Egg Size
24x18 mm

First Record
8th Century

Deciduous & mixed woodland



18 cm

Status in UK
Resident Breeder/ passage visitor

Conservation Status UK

Number in Britain

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