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Coal Tit

Description


The coal tit has a distinctive grey back, black cap, and white patch at the back of its neck. Its smaller, more slender bill than blue or great tits means it can feed more successfully in conifers.

They will take food and store it for eating later. The diet consits of, Insects and spiders, also seeds in winter, mostly on outer branches of conifers. In winter they often flock together with other Tits flying through woodlands and gardens in search of food.

A favourite nesting site is a hole in a rotting tree-stump, often low down, and the nest is deep within the hole; holes in the ground, burrows of mice or rabbits, chinks between the stones in walls, old nests of magpies or other large birds, and squirrel dreys are also occupied.

The materials, moss, hair and grass, are closely felted together, and rabbit fur or feathers added for lining;

 

Quick Facts


Conservation Status UK
GREEN

Status in UK
Resident Breeder, passage/ visitor

Length
12cm

Wingspan
19cm

Weight
9g

Habitat
Woodland, towns and villages

First Record
10th Century

Egg Size
15 x 12mm

Egg Weight
1.0 g

Clutch Size
9-10 eggs

Incubation
14-16 days

Number in Britain
1.5million

Fledging
16-19 days

Number of broods
1

Age at First Breeding
1 year

Typical Lifespan
2 years

Maximum Recorded Age
8 years, 9 months

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