The coal tit has a distinctive grey back, black cap, and white patch at the back of its neck. Its smaller, more slender bill than blue or great tits means it can feed more successfully in conifers.
They will take food and store it for eating later. The diet consits of, Insects and spiders, also seeds in winter, mostly on outer branches of conifers. In winter they often flock together with other Tits flying through woodlands and gardens in search of food.
A favourite nesting site is a hole in a rotting tree-stump, often low down, and the nest is deep within the hole; holes in the ground, burrows of mice or rabbits, chinks between the stones in walls, old nests of magpies or other large birds, and squirrel dreys are also occupied.
The materials, moss, hair and grass, are closely felted together, and rabbit fur or feathers added for lining;
Conservation Status UK
Status in UK
Resident Breeder, passage/ visitor
Woodland, towns and villages
15 x 12mm
Number in Britain
Number of broods
Age at First Breeding
Maximum Recorded Age
8 years, 9 months